World Health Organization: 74 cases of hepatitis of unknown cause detected in England

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World Health Organization: 74 cases of hepatitis of unknown cause detected in England

In a written statement from the World Health Organization (WHO), It was reported that 10 children under the age of 10 in Scotland had severe hepatitis on 5 April, and the number of children with hepatitis in England rose to 74 on 8 April.

  • In the statement, it was stated that it is not known in which ways the virus is transmitted and that the detected hepatitis samples are currently being examined in the laboratory. It has been stated that children with hepatitis have been experiencing symptoms such as jaundice, diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain since March.

In the statement, some cases were treated by taking them to the liver specialist, Liver transplantation was required in 6 cases.

NO LOSS OF LIVES SO FAR

In the statement, which stated that one of the cases was determined to be epidemiological, that is, due to contact with someone or several people with hepatitis, clear information was not shared about where the other cases were transmitted. There have been no deaths from hepatitis so far.

AUTHORITIES ARE LOOKING FOR THE REASON

  • Speaking to the press after WHO’s statement, British Health Security Agency’s Clinical and Emerging Outbreaks Director Dr. Meera Chang, announced that the investigations of the authorities across the country regarding the cause of the transmission of the virus to children are continuing.

Dr. Chang stated that they focused on the possibility that one of the cases was an adenovirus infection affecting the upper respiratory tract, but they were also investigating other potential causes.

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A new variant of the coronavirus has emerged. The new variant, named ‘XE’, was previously detected in England, the country where the Alpha variant originated.

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British experts said in an article published in the British Medical Journal that variants mix their genetic material during replication and create a new mutation.

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STATEMENT FROM WHO

WHO announced that the new mutation XE is 10 percent more contagious than the BA.2 subvariant of Omicron. underlined.

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HOW MANY PEOPLE HAVE THE NEW VARIANT XE SEEN?

England’s health agency reported that the XE variant was first detected on 19 January and the new variant was detected in 637 cases.

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WHY IS OMICRON MORE CONTAGIOUS?

On the other hand, initial findings suggest that Omicron is more contagious but milder than Delta and Wuhan versions.

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The lower severity of the Omicron variant is attributed to both the characteristics of this variant and the increased immunity due to vaccination and infection.

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Analysis at Imperial College London shows that Omicron mutations make it a milder virus than the Delta variant.

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If there is no immunity to the coronavirus, the Omicron varnata is 11 percent less likely to present to the hospital emergency department compared to the delta variant. However, this is the case for fewer people now, as the level of vaccination and infection has risen.

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Considering the immune status developed in the population, the risk of hospitalization with Omicron infection decreases by 25-30 percent, while the risk of staying in the hospital for more than one day decreases by 40 percent.

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From the team conducting the Imperial College research, Prof. Neil Ferguson says this is “somewhat good News”. However, he states that this decrease is not at a level that will create a big change in the modeling, and warns that the number of people applying to the hospital may still be high due to the rapid spread of Omicron, and this may put pressure on the health service.

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Omicron’s lab reviews provide data on why this variant might be milder.

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University of Hong Kong research has shown that while Omicron is effective at infecting the upper respiratory tract, it cannot penetrate the lung tissue where it can cause further damage.

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Cambridge University studies also revealed that the Omicron variant is not as effective as other variants in gluing lung cells together. This problem usually appeared in the lungs of severely ill patients.

‘XE’ alert in the UK: First statement from WHO about the new variant

While the Omicron variant of the coronavirus continues to spread rapidly, the expected statement from the World Health Organization (WHO) regarding the contagiousness of the new coronavirus variant XE seen in England came.

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